Overcoming low cell viability and recovery efficiency through innovative isolation platforms and techniques is vital if cell therapies are to deliver on their considerable promise. In conjunction, innovations in cell expansion media and systems are critical to overcoming the technical and manufacturing challenges facing those developing cell and gene therapies. This spotlight will examine the latest developments in optimising cell yield and quality.
Guest Editor - Dr Nathalie Clement, University of Florida, USA As cell and gene therapies move towards the clinic, critical developments in the production of viral vectors are required to enable large-scale manufacturing and distribution. A balanced overview of the merits and challenges of the different vector types (viral and non-viral) is provided; complemented by a discussion of the key manufacturing considerations to enable large-scale, quality-assured vectors for clinical use including culture systems and their impact on vector productivity: Critical issues for the scalable manufacture of AAV and Lentiviral vectors including process changes, drug product comparability, pre-clinical and clinical data requirements and the associated regulatory implications. Novel approaches to improve the vector yield using different cells, viruses and technology platforms. Balancing the need to drive down cost of goods with the challenge of creating stable cell lines for scaleable vector production. Latest advances in the development of non-viral vectors – implications for manufacturing and scalability.
Guest Editor: Dr Jean Stanton, J&J, USA The cell and gene therapy industry is entering an exciting phase of accelerated growth, which carries many logistics challenges. Part 1 of the Supply Chain Management spotlight looks at the various hurdles and measures to overcome the complexities at the start of your supply chain including: Material challenges for cell and gene therapy products, qualification of raw and ancillary materials, harmonization of testing criteria and analytical tools and insight into the traceability of reagents. Cutting through the complexity and inconsistency in the language used to discuss the quality of raw materials required across the commercialization pathway. When should a company start to use GMP “level” materials; what are the implications for process development and cost of goods? Standardization across the industry - do we need it and can it be achieved?
Guest Editor: Dr Bruce Levine, UPenn, USA With the key milestone of the recent approval of the first CAR-T therapy this is undoubtedly an exciting time for the field. Now more than ever it is essential to move the conversation forward in addressing the cost-effective, scaleable manufacture of these therapies, their safety and clinical outcomes, as well as the latest developments in replicating clinical success in solid tumors.
With the increased focus on cell and gene therapies as potentially curative therapies, critical developments in supply chain strategy are required to enable efficient and seamless delivery to patients. The second part of the Supply Chain Management series addresses: Logistical considerations and challenges at the point of care, including package and shipping qualification, process qualification, storage equipment validation and storage infrastructure requirements. Novel approaches for end-to-end product tracking and management of data across the supply chain. Developments in Point of Care Manufacturing - can ‘GMP in a box’ be achieved for autologous therapies? Latest advances in cold chain technologies and cryopreservation – the potential impact of freeze-thawing cycles on product viability; PoC handling and training requirements.
Guest Editor: Dr Paula Salmikangas, NDA As global regulatory agencies continue to evolve their policies to match the pace of development in cell and gene therapy, it’s essential for both academic and commercial scientists to understand the implications of these changes on their path to translation and product commercialization. This Spotlight provides the latest updates on: The impact of Japan’s innovative approach to regulating cell therapies and regenerative medicines not only within Japan but for international companies looking to collaborate/partner and take advantage of this regulatory environment. Recent success stories of commercial leaders in navigating their cell and gene therapy products through the regulatory landscape. How the various regulatory agencies – FDA, EMA – are working to keep pace with this rapidly advancing field.
Guest Editors: Dr Sven Kili, Sven Kili Consulting Ltd & Dr Jaap Boelens, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center The promising early clinical data from gene therapies for rare diseases has seen a resurgence in investment and optimism in the field. This spotlight discusses the current clinical landscape as well as the critical considerations in moving these therapies towards successful commercialization.
Adeno-associated viral vectors (AAV) have shown great promise for sustained expression of a therapeutic gene in vivo. Obstacles remain however for gene therapy to broaden its impact beyond niche indications; currently clinically considered AAVs are repurposed naturally occurring viral entities that bring with them limitations imposed by its viral biology. For example, AAV is endemic in humans which results in a large proportion of patients harboring memory responses to AAV antigens, preventing them from benefiting from a future AAV gene therapy. Efforts therefore have turned to building novel synthetic AAV-based gene transfer vehicles that diverge sufficiently from their natural peers, such as the Anc-80 AAV vector. This spotlight, in partnership with Lonza, provides insight into the development and manufacture of a novel synthetic viral vector: Anc-80 AAV, with a collection of peer-reviewed articles and interviews with leading experts.
Guest Editor - Dr Qasim Rafiq, University College London, UK Advancing the discussions around this critical topic, the 3rd Annual Automation spotlight focuses on the latest developments including: Critical analysis of the different approaches to automation - balancing the need for flexibility with quality control and cost-effective scaleability with an indpeth look at the pros and cons of end-to-end automated manufacturing solutions vs integrated platforms. The latest advances in automation across various cell therapy manufacturing platforms and bioprocesses including cell culture and expansion, analytical and characterization tools, process monitoring and control. The key considerations when deciding to automate a complex biomanufacturing process such as autologous cell therapy manufacture, with in-depth discussion of the impact on cost of goods and risk management.
Guest Editor: Dr Jan Thirkettle, Chief Development Officer, Freeline Therapeutics Building upon the February 2018 Spotlight on Viral and Non-Viral Vector Manufacturing, this series of interviews, articles and webinars will provide an update on the latest developments in optimizing vector and plasmid manufacturing. Hear from key opinion leaders on the cutting-edge scientific approaches being developed in efforts to refine vector performance, as well as advances in technology platforms to streamline and improve efficiencies in the manufacture of these crucial approaches.
Guest Editor: Prof. Nik Willoughby, Heriot-Watt University, UK This spotlight will examine the latest innovative solutions and critical issues around product scale-up and scale-out. Discussions will be centered around the following topics: Key cost drivers of scalability and measures to overcome comparability and scale-up challenges in cell therapy production. Process development technologies and facility design options for scale up of allogeneic cell therapies and approaches for GMP-compliant scale up platforms. Advances in microfluidic technologies for the scale up of cell and gene therapies. Manufacturing models and regulatory considerations for the scale out of autologous cell therapy products; Challenges in developing scale-out manufacturing processes.